The Apostles knew their Jewish prayers and scripture, yet they were fascinated when they saw Jesus pray. They saw something very attractive, but they were not quite sure what.
Luke 11 says He (Jesus) was praying in a certain place, and when he had finished one of disciples said to him, “Lord teach us to pray.” So you can see that by Luke telling us they waited, maybe Jesus and God were so connected that the Apostles wanted to be part of this interior relationship too. They were curious and wanted to have what Jesus had, but they did not want to interrupt Him in His prayers.
Jesus then teaches them how to pray the Our Father prayer. Jesus really wants us to be sons and daughters of God, so he taught us to talk with Him in this way. He started by saying “Abba” which means “Yahweh, Father.” Jesus hopes for us to have a complete and compassionate relationship, like His relationship with the Father, who wishes the best for us. In Luke, Jesus explains fatherhood when He says, “What father among you would hand his son a snake when he asks for a fish?” Jesus continued to teach the apostles and large crowds The Beatitudes.
Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Blessed are they who mourn, for they shall be comforted.
Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the earth.
Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.
Blessed are the merciful, for they shall obtain mercy.
Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God.
Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.
Blessed are you when they insult you and persecute you and utter every kind of evil against you because of me. Rejoice and be glad for your reward will be great in heaven.
We follow The Beatitudes up the mountain in steps of progression to transform us to become like Jesus. The Beatitudes work by building on each other. The Holy Spirit helps us to follow the best example, Jesus. Sometimes we think we can handle every circumstance ourselves. Or we think, I can change myself. Maybe we can for awhile, but then we get stuck with no further growth. We can through our baptism become enabled with the Holy Spirit, so we can grow and be open with the Father. God gives to us, and we reciprocate back to Him. We consent to the gift of the Holy Spirit to grow closer to God. We take steps, like up a mountain, to move our souls closer to Him.
- Blessed are those who are poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
Jesus is saying blessed are those who know they cannot do anything for themselves in the way to grow in holiness. We realize we can grow, but only with the help of the Holy Spirit. We can only rise to a certain level under our own effort and there we get stuck. When we come to this conclusion that we stopped moving forward then the first Beatitude starts to work in us. We see that we are poor in spirit.